Welcome to the NEDA Disability Royal Commission Glossary. Please use the tabs below to access the glossary in your preferred language. PDF versions are also available.

Your Story Disability Legal Support worked with the National Ethnic Disability Alliance (NEDA) on the development of a glossary of terms about the Disability Royal Commission. The glossary, designed for newly arrived migrants with a disability, is a jargon buster. Its purpose is to simplify some of the legal terminology used in the Disability Royal Commission.

 

Title Sort descending Definition Hakha Chin | Laiholh
Abuse

Refer to the definition for Violence and Abuse.

Volhpamhnak: Puarhrannak le Volhpamhnak caah a sullam kha ichirchanh.

Access and communication needs

Access and communication needs are any adjustments you need to help you share your story, access information, attend a hearing, or get counselling or emotional support. For example, if you are nonverbal or have other communication needs, online chat facilities and email are available.

Luhnak le biakchawnhnak lei a herhmi pawl: Luhnak le biakchawnhnak lei a herhmi pawl cu na konglam chim ding, thawngthanhmi hmuhnak luh ding, biaceihmi ngaih ah kal ding asilole biaruahnak in thazaang peknak hmuh ding asilole thinlung umtu ning lei bawmhnak lei bawmh dingin na herhmi tawlrel piaknak pawl an si. Tahchunhnak ah, a holh kho lomi na si asilole biakchawnhnak lei ah a dang herhmi na ngeih ahcun awnlai in ca ikuatnak (online chat) lei thilri pawl le imel (email) kha a ngah.

All settings and contexts

The words ‘all settings and contexts’ are used in the Disability Royal Commission Terms of Reference. It means that the Disability Royal Commission can investigate people’s experiences and conditions in many different places, like schools, workplaces, jails and detention centres, group homes, family homes, hospitals, and mental health facilities.

Luhnak le biakchawnhnak lei a herhmi pawl: Luhnak le biakchawnhnak lei a herhmi pawl cu na konglam chim ding, thawngthanhmi hmuhnak luh ding, biaceihmi ngaih ah kal ding asilole biaruahnak in thazaang peknak hmuh ding asilole thinlung umtu ning lei bawmhnak lei bawmh dingin na herhmi tawlrel piaknak pawl an si. Tahchunhnak ah, a holh kho lomi na si asilole biakchawnhnak lei ah a dang herhmi na ngeih ahcun awnlai in ca ikuatnak (online chat) lei thilri pawl le imel (email) kha a ngah.

Application for leave to appear

An application for leave to appear is a form that people, organisations, and lawyers need to fill out to allow them to speak, and ask witnesses questions, during a Royal Commission public hearing. People who the Disability Royal Commission asks to speak at a public hearing are called witnesses and do not need to complete this form, although their lawyers may.

Langh dingin khunhhalnak caah soknak: Langh dingin khunhhalnak caah soknak cu Royal Commission nih zapi sin i biaceihnak an tuah lio ah biachimnak nawl pek ding le tehte pawl halnak nawl pek dingin minung pawl, bu pawl le sihni pawl nih phih a herhmi fom (form) pakhat a si. Zapi sin biachimnak hmun ah biachim dingin Pumtlinglo Royal Comission sin ah halnak a tuahtu pawl cu tehte pawl tiah auh an si i an sihni pawl nih an tuah men lai nain hi fom (form) kha tling tein phih a herh lai lo.

Chair

The Chair of the Disability Royal Commission is the leader of the Commissioners. The Chair is Hon. Ronald Sackville AO QC, who was a judge.

Haotu bik: Pumtlinglo Royal Commission i Haotu bik cu Komisin haotu pawl i hruaitu a si. Hoatu bik cu Upatmi a si. Ronald Sackville AO QC cu biaceihtu a rak si.

Commissioner

Commissioners are the people the Government has chosen to lead a Royal Commission. Commissioners investigate the issues related to a Royal Commission in different ways, like talking to individuals and experts, asking for research, and asking questions in public hearings. Seven Commissioners are leading the Disability Royal Commission.

Komisin lei hoatu: Komisin lei haotu (Commissioners) pawl cu Royal Commission hruai dingah Acozah nih a thim cangmi minung pawl kha an si. Pumpaak pawl le thiamsang pawl sinah biachimnak, kherhhlainak tuah dingah halnak le zapi sin biachimnak pawl ah biahalnak pawl tibantuk kha Komisin lei haotu pawl nih Royal Commission he aa pehtlaimi thil pawl kha lam tampi in a dothlat. Komisin lei haotu pasarih nih Pumtlinglo Royal Commission cu an hruai.

Community Forum

A community forum is a public event where the Disability Royal Commission can hear from people with disability and their families and supporters about their experiences and views.

Mibu Tonpumhnak: Mibu tonpumhnak cu zapi tonpumhnak pakhat a si i cuka hmun ahcun pumtlinglo le an innchungkhar pawl le an hmuhtonmi pawl le hmuhning pawl kong bawmchaantu pawl sinin biachimmi kha Pumtlinglo Royal Comission nih a ngai kho lai.

Compelling a witness

Compelling a witness is when the Disability Royal Commission requires a person to speak at a public hearing and give evidence. It is a criminal offence not to attend a hearing after you have been compelled to do so by a Royal Commission. The Disability Royal Commission has said it will not force people with a disability, their carers or family members to speak at a public hearing.

Tehte chimternak: Tehte chimternak cu zapi sin biachimnak ah minung pakhat kha biachimter ding le thil sining chim dingah Disability Royal Commission a herh tikah a fial mi kha a si. Royal Commission nih chimter dingin an auh hnu ah zapi sin biachimnak ah na kai lo ahcun cucu nawlbuar a si. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih a rak chimmi cu pumtlamtlinglo, anmah zohkhenhtu pawl asilole innchungkhar chungtel pawl kha zapi sin biachimnak ah hramhram in bia a chimter hna lai lo.

Complying with a Notice to Produce

Complying with a notice to produce means providing the information or documents required by the Disability Royal Commission. It is a criminal offence not to give the Disability Royal Commission information or documents it requires in a notice to produce. If you get a Notice to Produce, you should get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Chuahpiak dingin Hngalhternak he Nawlzulhnak: Chuahpiak dingin theihternak he nawlzulhnak a sullam cu Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih a herhmi thawngthanh asilole catialmi pawl peknak kha a si. Chuahpiak dingin hngalhternak ah Disability Royal Commission nih a herhmi thawngthanh asilole catialmi pawl pek lo in um kha nawlbuar a si. Chuahpiak dingin Hngalhternak na ngah ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah hrim a hau. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Confidential Information

Confidential information is information that you want to be kept private when you share your story with the Disability Royal Commission. There are different ways to make sure that the information that you give to the Disability Royal Commission cannot be seen by anyone else. This includes after the Disability Royal Commission ends. If you want to keep the whole or parts of your story private, you should get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

A thlithup Thawngthanhmi: A thlithup thawngthanhmi cu Pumtlinglo Royal Commission sin ah na konglam na chim tikah phozar loin chiah na duhmi kong kha a si. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission sin i thawngthanhnak na pekmi pawl kha aho hmanh nih hmuh lo dingin tuahnak dingah lam a phunphun an um. Hihi ah aa telmi cu Pumtlinglo Royal Commission hnu ah donghter a si. Na konglam a dihlak asilole achumcheu kha phozar loin chiah na duh ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah hrim a hau. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Counsel Assisting

Counsel is the name for lawyers who speaks in a courtroom or public hearing. Counsel Assisting are the lawyers working for the Disability Royal Commission who speak and ask questions at public hearings. Counsel Assisting also talk to witnesses before public hearings.

Ruahnak cheuh lei Bawmhnak: Ruahnak cheuh cu biaceih zung asilole zapi sin biachimnak hmun i bia a chimmi sihni pawl caah min a si. Ruahnak cheuh Bawmhnak cu zapi sin biachimnak ah bia a chimmi le biahalnak a tuahmi Pumtlinglo Royal Commission caah rian a tuahmi sihni pawl an si. Ruahnak cheuh Bawmhnak zong nih zapi sin biachimhnak a tuah hlan ah tehte pawl sinah biaruahnak an ngei.

Counselling and support

Counselling and support services are available to support you with any difficult feelings you might have because of the Disability Royal Commission. The Disability Royal Commission has staff who can provide some counselling and support to people. There are also free independent counselling and support services offered nationally (BlueKnot) and in every state and territory.

Thazaang peknak le bawmhnak: Thazaang peknak le bawmhnak lei riantuan piaknak pawl cu Pumtlinglo Royal Commission ruangah a harmi intuarnak pawl pakhat khat na ngeih khawhmi caah nangmah bawmh dingah a ngahmi a si. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih minung sin ah thazaang peknak le bawmhnak cheuhkhat a pe kho dingmi riantuantu a ngeih ko hna. Zalong tein thazaang peknak le bawmhnak lei riantuanpiaknak pawl rampumpi huap in (BlueKnot) le ramthen le pengkulh kip ah man loin a pemi an um fawn.

Disability

Disability is defined by the Royal Commission as any kind of impairment, whether a person was born with it, or whether it happened because of illness, accident, or old age. Disability can change the way a person thinks, moves, speaks, feels, sees, hears, and communicates.

Pumtlamtlinlonak: Pumtlinlonak cu Royal Commission nih chambaunak phunkhat khat bantukin ichuahpimi a si zongah, zawtnak, poipang tonnak asilole kum upat ruang a si zongah a fiantermi kha a si. Pumtlinlonak nih minung pakhat kha a khuaruahnak pawl, cawlcanghnak pawl, biachimnak pawl, umtuning pawl, hmuhmi pawl, theihmi pawl le biakchawnh ning pawl kha a thlen khawh.

Evidence

Evidence is any of the stories shared, witness statements, information or other documents given in a Disability Royal Commission public hearing.

Thil sining Langhtertu Tehte: Thil sining cu Pumtlinglo Royal Commission zapi sin biachimnak ah tuanbia pawl chimmi, tehte chimphuannak pawl, thawnghthanhmi asilole a dang catialmi pawl pekmi pakhat khat kha a si.

Exploitation

Exploitation is when a person or organisation takes advantage of you. Examples of exploitation are:

  • Misusing or stealing your money or belongings
  • Not paying you the correct wages
  • Taking advantage of you sexually
  • Preventing you from getting job promotions or work

Ningcang loin tuahtonak: Ningcang loin tuahtonak cu minung pakhat asilole bu pakhat nih a mah miaknak caah nangmah an hmanmi kha a si. Ningcang loin tuahtonak i tahchunhnak pawl cu:

  • Na tangka asilole ngeihmi pawl kha ningcang loin hmannak asilole firnak
  • A dikmi nihlawh pawl nangmah pek lonak
  • Nupa sualnak tuahnak lei nangmah sinin a miak laaknak
  • Nangmah kha riankainak pawl asilole rian hmuhnak in khenkhamnak
Freedom of Information (FOI)

Freedom of Information gives anyone the right to ask to view copies of documents held by the Government about you or about Government policies or decisions. This can include documents held by the Disability Royal Commission after it ends, although there are some exceptions. A Government officer will decide if a person can view documents requested under Freedom of Information.

Theihtermi kong i Zalonnak (FOI): Theihtermi kong i Zalonnak nih ahopaoh kha Acozah nih nangmah kong asilole Acozah pawlasi asilole biachahnak pawl a tuahmi kong catialmi pawl khawpi tuahmi pawl kha zoh dingah halnak nawl a pek hna. Hi ah hin phundang deuh in a simi cheukhat an um nain a dih hnu ah, Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih aa tlaihmi catialmi pawl kha aa tel kho. Thawngthanhnak i Zalonnak tangah minung pakhat nih zoh dingah halnak a tuah ahcun Acozah lei bawi pakhat nih biachahnak a tuah lai.

Group Home

A group home is a shared house where several people with disability live long-term. A group home has staff who care for the residents, clean the house, and support the residents get to activities and appointments.

Bu Inn: Bu inn cu ihrawmmi inn a si i cuka ahcun pumtlamtlinglo zeimawzat caan sau an umnak a si. Bu inn nih riantuantu pawl aa ngeih hna i cu nih cun a ummi pawl kha an zohkhenh hna, inn an thianh i a ummi pawl nih cawlcanghnak pawl le itonnak caan suaisamh pawl ngah dingah an bawmh hna.

Health Settings

Health settings are the places people can visit to get health care, like:

  • Medical Centres
  • GP clinics
  • Hospitals
  • Dentists
  • Optometrists
  • Physiotherapists
  • Occupational therapists
  • Specialists

Ngandamnak hmun pawl: Ngandamnak hmun pawl cu ngandamnak lei zohkhenhnak hmuh dingah lenkai khawhnak hmun pawl a si, cu bantuk hna cu:

  • Sii lei thlopnak Hmun pawl
  • GP sekhaan pawl
  • Siizung pawl
  • Haa siibawi pawl
  • Mit siibawi pawl
  • Takpum hmeh a thiammi pawl
  • Takpum cawlcanghning le riantuanning thlop a thiammi pawl
  • A thiam bakmi pawl
Identity Protection

Identity protection is something you can ask for if you do not want your identity shared with anyone outside the Disability Royal Commission. Even if you speak as a witness at a public hearing you can ask that your identity be kept private. This means that your name will not be used and your identity will not be put on the internet. If you are worried about people knowing your identity, you should get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Sining Runvennak: Sining runvennak cu na sining kha Disability Royal Commission ti dahlo cun a lenglei minung pakhat khat sinah hrawm na duh lo ahcun na hal khawhmi a si. Zapi hmai biaceihnak hmun ah tehte minung sinak in bia na chim ko zongah na sining cu a thlithup in chiahpiak ding in na hal khawh hna. A sullam cu na min kha hman a si lai lo i intanet (internet) cungah na sining kha chiah a si lai lo. Na sining kha mi nih an hngalh lai tiah na thin a phan ahcun, dawnkhaantu a ngei lomi upadi lei ruahnak cheuhnak kha na ngah khawh. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Inclusive Education

Inclusive education is where children, young people or adult students with disability are in the same classroom with other students in the community.

Itel khawh dihmi Fimcawnnak: Itel khawh dihmi fimcawnnak cu mibu chungah pumtlinglomi siangngakchia pawl ngakchia, mino asilole upa kha a dang siangngakchia pawl he aa khatmi sianginn khaan chungah um kha a si.

Legal Financial Assistance Scheme

The Legal Financial Assistance Scheme is the financial assistance available to cover your legal costs in some situations. Legal costs will be covered when you are formally asked by the Disability Royal Commission to:

  • Appear as a witness at a public hearing.
  • Attend an interview with them.
  • Give them information or documents.

Upadi lei Tangka Bawmhnak Timhtuahnak: Upadi lei Tangka Bawmhnak Timhtuahnak cu thil sining zeimawzat ah ah upadi lei na pek dingmi aman pawl a khuhchilh khawhmi tangka lei bawmhnak a si. Upadi lei pek dingmi aman pawl cu Disability Royal Commission nih phung ning tein tuah ding an fial tik a khuhchilh te lai:

  • Zapi sin biachimnak ah tehte pakhat bantukin langh.
  • Anmah he biaruahnak ah kai.
  • Anmah kha thawngthanhmi asilole catialmi pek.
Media Restrictions

Media restrictions are the limits placed on journalists reporting on a Royal Commission. Journalists can attend public hearings. They are not allowed to film or interview anyone inside the public hearing room. The Disability Royal Commission can also stop journalists from sharing a person’s name or identity.

Media lei Khenkhamnak pawl: Media lei khenkhamnak pawl cu Royal Commission kong thawnglatu pawl nih an chimmi pawl ah rikhiah piaknak kha a si. Thawnglatu pawl cu zapi sin biaceihnak pawl ah an kai kho. Zapi sin biaceihnak khaan chungah aho hmanh video zeih asilole biaruahnak nawl an ngei lo. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih thawnglatu pawl kha minung min asilole a sining chim kha a kham khawh fawn hna.

National Legal Advisory Service

Your Story Disability Legal Support (or Your Story) is the national legal advisory service set up to support people engage with the Disability Royal Commission. It is free and independent from the Disability Royal Commission. Your Story gives legal information and advice to people to empower them to safely share their story with the Disability Royal Commission. This includes people with disability, their families, carers, supporters and advocates.

Rampumpi huap Upadi lei Ruahnak cheuhnak lei Riantuan piaknak: Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (asilole Na Konglam) cu rampumpi huap upadi lei ruahnak cheuhnak lei riantuan piaknak nih Pumtlinglo Royal Commission he hmuhtonnak ngeih kho dingin minung kha bawmh dingah a timhtuah. Cucu man lo a si i Pumtlinglo Royal Commission sinin zalong tein a ummi a si. Na Konglam nih midang kha an tuanbia pawl Pumtlinglo Royal Commission he him tein ruahti dingah an ralthatter hna i upadi lei thawngthanhmi le ruahnak cheuhmi kha a pek hna. Hi ah hin pumtlamtlinglomi, an innchungkhar pawl, zohkhenhtu pawl, bawmtu bawmtu pawl le sihni pawl an itel.

Neglect

Neglect is when a person does not provide you with help the way they are supposed to. Neglect can be something that happens once, or it can happen repeatedly over time. A person can neglect you without meaning to cause you harm.

Examples of neglect are not providing you with:

  • Food and water
  • Clothing
  • Accommodation
  • Health Care
  • Medical treatment or medications
  • Emotional support
  • Education
  • Appropriate supports to help you communicate with others
  • Appropriate supports to help you get around

Daithlanhnak: Daithlanhnak cu an in bawmh hnga dingmi ningin minung pakhat nih bawmhnak an pek lo caan khi a si. Daithlanhnak cu voikhat te lawng a cang kho, asilole atu le atu a cang kho peng mi a si. Fahnak pek dingah zeihmanh aa timhmi a si lo bu in minung pakhat nih nangmah cu an daitlanh khawh.

Daithlanhnak i tahchunhnak pawl cu hihi pawl nangmah peklo kha a si:

  • Rawl le ti
  • Hnipuan
  • Umthutnak
  • Ngandamnak lei Zohkhenhnak
  • Sii lei thlopbulnak asilole sii din dingmi pawl
  • Khuaruahnak lei bawmhnak
  • Fimcawnnak
  • Nangmah kha midang pawl he ibiakchawnh kho dingin bawmh dingah aa tlakmi bawmhnak pawl
  • Nangmah nih na pawngkam ah bawmhnak ngah dingin aa tlakmi bawmhnak pawl
Notice to Produce

A notice to produce is a formal document sent by the Disability Royal Commission requiring a person or organisation to give it information or documents. If you get a Notice to Produce, you should get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Chuahpiak dingin Hngalhternak Hngalhternak: Chuahpiak dingin theihternak cu Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih a herhmi minung asilole buu sinah thawngthanhnak asilole catialmi pawl pek dingah ningcang tein catialmi kuatmi kha a si. Chuahpiak dingin Hngalhternak na ngah ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah hrim a hau. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Office of the Solicitor Assisting

The lawyers who work in the Office of the Solicitor Assisting provide legal advice and support to the Disability Royal Commission.

Sihni Bawmhnak Zung: Sihni Bawmhnak Zung i rian a tuanmi sihni pawl nih Pumtlinglo Royal Commission sinah upadi lei ruahnak cheuhnak le bawmhnak an pek.

Personal Information

Personal information is information about you that can be used to identify you. This can include your name, or information about:

  • your health
  • where you work
  • where you live
  • where you study.

You can ask the Disability Royal Commission to keep your personal information private. If you are worried about protecting your personal information, you should get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Pumpaak Kong: Pumpaak Kong cu nangmah kha ahodah a si ti fianter dingah hman khawh dingmi nangmah kong kha a si. Hi ah aa telmi cu na min, asilole mah hi kong:

  • sna ngandamnak
  • na riantuannak hmun
  • na umnak hmun
  • ca na cawnnak hmun.

Na pumpaak kong kha a langlo dingin Pumtlinglo Royal Commission kha na hal khawh. Nangmah pumpak kong runvennak kongkau ah na lungre a theih ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah hrim a hau. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Practice Guidelines

Practice guidelines are documents created by the Disability Royal Commission that explain how they will approach things, like public hearings. There are seven Practice Guidelines which talk about the practices and procedures of the Disability Royal Commission.

Tuahsernak lei Lamhmuhsaknak pawl: Tuahsernak lei lamhmuhsaknak pawl cu Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih zapi sin biaceihnak tibantuk ah thil pawl fuhpanh ning fianter dingah a sermi catialmi pawl an si. Tuahsernak lei Lamhmuhsaknak pasarih an um i cuka ahcun Pumtlinglo Royal Commission i a riantuannak pawl kong le tuahto ning pawl kong a chim.

Private Session

A private session is a confidential meeting with a Commissioner and Disability Royal Commission officers where you can share your story. Private sessions can happen via telephone, video link and in person around Australia. A private session usually takes about one hour.

Pumpaak in Ton caan: Pumpaak ton caan cu na konglam na chimh khawhmi hna Komisin lei haotu (Commissioner) le Pumtlinglo Royal Commission bawi pawl he a thlithup in tonnak a si. Pumpaak in tonnak caan pawl cu telifon in, video link in a si kho i Australia chung hmun khat khat ah minung in pumpak in ton zong a si kho. Pumpaak in ton caan cu suimilam pakhat hrawng a rau tawn.

Protection from retribution

Protection from retribution are the things that can keep you safe from harm if you choose to share your story. If you are worried about retribution, you should you should get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Teirulchamnak in runvennak: Teirulchamnak in runvennak pawl cu na konglam kha chim dingin naa thim ahcun fahnak peknak in him tein an umter khotu thil pawl kha a si. Teirulchamnak kongah na lungretheih ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah hrim a hau. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Public Hearing

A public hearing is a formal event, like a court hearing, where people give evidence about events and issues relevant to the Disability Royal Commission. The Disability Royal Commission will invite some people to share their story at a public hearing. If you are invited to share your story at a public hearing, you should get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Zapi sin Biaceihnak: Zapi sin biachimnak cu biaceih zung i biaceihnak tibantuk phung ning tein tuahmi a si, cuka hmun ah cun Pumtlinglo Royal Commission sin ah thilcang pawl kong le pehtlaihnak a ngeimi thilsining pawl thil umtu ning kha chim a si. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih cheukhat pawl kha zapi sin biaceihnak ah an konglam chim dingin a sawm hna lai. Zapi sin biachimnak ah na konglam chim dingin an in sawm ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah hrim a hau. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Restrictive practices

Restrictive practices are actions that limit the rights or freedom of movement of a person. They can include the use of physical restraints, such as holding a person down on the ground, or the use of medication to sedate a person.

Khenkhammi tuahsernak pawl: Khenkhammi tuahserhnak pawl cu minung pakhat i zalong tein a cawlcangh khawhnak nawl ri a khiah piakmi tuahsernak pawl kha an si. Hi ah hin minung pakhat kha vawlei ah tlu lak in tlaihnak, asilole minung pakhat kha dai tein um dingah sii hmannak tibantuk takpum lei khenkhamnak pawl hman aa tel kho.

Retribution

Retribution is when somebody harms or punishes you, or threatens to, because you shared your story with the Disability Royal Commission. For example, somebody that employs you or provides you with care may commit retribution if they punish you for speaking with the Disability Royal Commission.

Teirulchamnak: Teirulchamnak cu Pumtlinglo Royal Commission sin ah na konglam na chim ruangah minung pakhat khat nih nangmah kha fahnak an pek asilole dan an tat, asilole an hrocer kha a si. Tahchunhnak ah, minung pakhat khat nih rian an pek asilole zohkhenhnak an pek i cu kong cu Pumtlinglo Royal Commission sin ah na chim ruangah dan an in tat ahcun teirulchamnak a tuah kho men.

Royal Commission

A Royal Commission is an independent investigation into a matter of great importance. Royal Commissions make recommendations to government about what should change.

Royal Komisin (Commission): Royal Komisin (Commission) cu a biapimi kongkau ah zalong tein dothlatnak a tuahtu a si. Royal Komisin (Commission) nih zeibantuk dah thlennak tuah a herh timi kong kha acozah sinah chimphuannak pawl a tuah.

Solicitor

A solicitor is another name for a lawyer. A solicitor provides legal advice and support to clients in different areas of law. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you with free independent legal advice. The lawyers who work in the Office of the Solicitor Assisting provide legal advice and support to the Disability Royal Commission.

Sihni: Upadi lei a thiammi cu sihni caah hmanmi min dang a si. Sihni nih aa dang liangluangmi upadi pawl ah ahmu a ngeimi pawl kha upadi lei ruahnak cheuhnak le bawmhnak a pek hna. Na Konglam Pumtlamtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak nih zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhnak kha aman loin an pek khawh. Upadi lei Bawmhnak Zung i a tuanmi sihni pawl nih Pumtlinglo Royal Commission sin ah upadi lei ruahnak cheuhnak le bawmhnak a pek.

Special Education

Special education is where children and young people with disability are taught separately from other students in the community. Students with a disability may be taught in separate programs or attend different schools.

Ahleice Fimcawnnak: Ahleice Fimcawnnak cu mibu chungah pumtlinglo ngakchia pawl le mino pawl kha a dang siangngakchia pawl sinin a dang tein cachimnak kha a si. Pumtlinglo siangngakchia pawl cu aa dangmi program pawl chimh an si men lai asilole aa dangmi sianginn pawl kha an kai men lai.

Submission

A submission is a way for you to tell your story to the Disability Royal Commission. You can write, record, or draw your story in your own language and send it to the Disability Royal Commission. You can also ask the Disability Royal Commission for some or parts of your story to be kept private.

Apnak: Apnak cu Pumtlinglo Royal Commission sin ah na kongkau chim dingin nangmah caah lam pakhat a si. Nangmah holh in na konglam kha na/ kha na tial khawh, na aw na khumh khawh asilole zuk in na suai khawh i Pumtlinglo Royal Commission sin ah na kuat khawh. Na konglam cheukhat asilole zeimawzat kha midang sin phuan lo dingin Pumtlinglo Royal Commission khan a fial khawh fawn hna.

Submission (Anonymous - published on website)

You get to choose whether your submission can be shared with lots of people or is kept private. If you choose “Anonymous – published on website”, parts of your submission may be published on the Disability Royal Commission website or in their reports. The Disability Royal Commission will not publish anything that can be used to identify you, like your name or address. If you are unsure, you can get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Apnak (Minhngalhlo – website ah phozarmi): Na apmi kha mi tampi sin ah chimphuan kho dingin asilole chimphuan lo in chiah dingah naa thim khawh. “Minhngalhlo – website ah phozarmi”, ti kha naa thim ahcun, na apmi cheukhat kha Pumtlinglo Royal Commission vuapsaih (website) ah asilole an ripawt pawl ah phozar a si men lai. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih na min asilole umnak leihsa tibantuk nangmah kong fianternak dingah hman khawhmi thil pawl kha zeihmanh a phozar lai lo. Na fian setsai lo ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah khawh. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Submission (Anonymous – not published on website)

You get to choose whether your submission can be shared with lots of people or is kept private. If you choose “Anonymous – not published on website”, parts of your submission may be used in Disability Royal Commission reports but will not be published on their website. The Disability Royal Commission will not publish anything that can be used to identify you, like your name or address. If you are unsure, you can get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Apnak (Minhngalhlo – website ah phozar lomi): Na apmi kha mi tampi sin ah chimphuan kho dingin asilole chimphuan lo in chiah dingah naa thim khawh. “Minhngalhlo – website ah phozar lomi”, ti kha naa thim ahcun, na apmi zeimawzat kha Disability Royal Commission ripawt pawl ah hman a si men lai, asinain an vuapsaih (website) ah phozar a si men lai lo. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih na min asilole umnak leihsa tibantuk nangmah kong fianternak dingah hman khawhmi thil pawl kha zeihmanh a phozar lai lo. Na fian setsai lo ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah khawh. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Submission (Public – published on website)

You get to choose whether your submission can be shared with lots of people or is kept private. If you choose “Public- published on website”, parts of your submission may be published on the Disability Royal Commission website, or referred to in their public documents and reports. The Disability Royal Commission may publish your name and personal information details, but they won’t publish your contact details, like your phone number and address. If you are unsure, you can get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Apnak (Zapi – website ah phozarmi): Na apmi kha mi tampi sin ah chimphuan kho dingin asilole chimphuan lo in chiah dingah naa thim khawh. “Zapi – website ah phozarmi”, ti kha naa thim ahcun, na apmi cheukhat kha Pumtlinglo Royal Commission website ah phozar a si men lai, asilole zapi sin an catialmi pawl le ripawt pawl ah ichirchanh a si men lai. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih na min le na pumpaak kong a dikthlir pawl kha a phozar khawh men, asinain na fon nambar le umnak leihsa tibantuk nangmah pehtlaihnak cu a phozar lai lo. Na fian setsai lo ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah khawh. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Submission (Restricted)

You get to choose whether your submission can be shared with lots of people or is kept private. If you choose “Restricted”, your submission will not be published at all by the Disability Royal Commission. After the Disability Royal Commission ends, people may be able to view a restricted submission in certain circumstances. If you are unsure, you can get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Apnak (Khenkhammi): Na apmi kha mi tampi sin ah chimphuan kho dingin asilole chimphuan lo in chiah dingah naa thim khawh. “Khenkhammi” timi kha na thim ahcun, na apmi kha Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih a phozar hrimhrim lai lo. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission a donghter hnu ah, thil sining zeimawzat ah khenkhammi apnak kha an hmuh khawh men lai. Na fian setsai lo ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah khawh. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Subpoena

A subpoena is a formal document that orders a person or organisation to hand over documents. They are usually issued by a court. It is possible that someone may try to get the information you give the Disability Royal Commission through a subpoena and try to use your information in a court case. If you are worried about a subpoena you should get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Nawlchuahnak: Nawlchuahnak cu catialmi pawl kha minung pakhat asilole buu pakhat sin ah pek dingin nawlpeknak lei phung ning tein tialmi a si. Hi pawl cu biaceihzung nih a chuah tawnmi a si. Minung pakhat khat nih nawlchuahnak hmangin Disability Royal Commission sin na pekmi kong hmuh kha aa zuam kho men i biaceihzung ah na kong kha hman dingin aa zuam kho men. Nawlchuahnak kongah na lungretheih ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah hrimhrim a hau. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Summons

A summons is a formal document that requires a person to give evidence at a public hearing. The Disability Royal Commission can issue a summons. If you get a summons you should get independent legal advice. Your Story Disability Legal Support can provide you free legal advice.

Kawh-auhnak: Kawh-auhnak cu zapi sin biaceihnak ah thil sining pek dingah minung fialnak phung ning tein catialmi a si. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih kawh-auhnak cu a chuah khawh. Kawh-auhnak khan a hmuh ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah hrimhrim a hau. Na Konglam Pumtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak (Your Story Disability Legal Support) nih man loin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi a pek khawh.

Terms of Reference

The Terms of Reference tells the Disability Royal Commission what it should look at as part of their investigation.

Riantuan Dingmi Pawl: Riantuan Dingmi Pawl nih Pumtlinglo Royal Commission i an dothlatnak phunkhat bantukin zeibantuk dah a zoh awk a si ti kha a chimh.

Transcript

A transcript is a record of what is said during a public hearing, private session or community forum. The Disability Royal Commission will put the transcript of each day of a public hearing on their website as soon as possible. The Disability Royal Commission will not make the transcripts of private sessions and community forums public.

Ca in tialmi: Ca in tialmi cu zapi sin biaceihnak, pumpaak in ton caan asilole mibu tonpumhnak ngeih lio i chimmi ca chung i khumhmi kha a si. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih zapi sin biaceih ni paoh i ca in tialmi kha an vuapsaih (website) ah a ran khawh chung rang in a chiah lai. Pumtlinglo Royal Commission nih pumpaak ton caan i chimmi le mibu zapi tonpumhnak i chimmi pawl cu ca in tialnak a tuah lai lo.

Violence and Abuse

Violence is when someone hurts your body. Abuse is when someone treats you badly. Some examples of violence and abuse are:

  • physical harm
  • sexual harm
  • being forcibly separated from others
  • restrictive practices-like being held down or sedated
  • being forced to undergo treatments or take medications
  • being made fun of or threatened
  • stealing or mismanaging your money
  • taking away your privacy and disrespecting you
  • limiting your visitors or activities

Puarhrannak le Volhpamhnak: Puarhranank cu minung pakhat khat nih na takpum fahnak a pekmi kha a si. Volhpamh cu minung pakhat khat nih a chiakhami in an chawnhbiakmi kha a si. Puarhrannak le volhpamhnak i tahchunhnak cheukhat pawl cu:

  • takpum lei fahnak pek
  • nuva sinak lei fahnak pek
  • midang pawl sinin a dang tein hramhram in umter
  • khenkhammi lei tuahsernak pawl- beidong in umter asilole daihter
  • thlopbul dingah hramhram in tuah asilole hramhram in sii dinternak
  • capo saihnak ah hman asilole hrocernak
  • na tangka firnak asilole ningcang loin tawlrelnak
  • na pumpaak thlithup laakpiaknak le nangmah upat lonak
  • na milengkai pawl asilole cawlcanghnak pawl riakhiahpiaknak
Witness

A witness is someone who speaks at a public hearing at a Royal Commission. They may be a person with a disability, a carer, or a family member sharing their personal experience. A witness can also be a professional who is asked to provide evidence and answer questions like a doctor, politician, or CEO.

Tehte: Tehte cu Royal Commission i zapi sin biaceihnak ah bia a chimmi minung pakhat khat kha a si. An pumpaak hmuntonmi kha a chimmi pumtlinglo, zohkhenhtu, asilole innchungkhar chungtel pakhat khat a si kho men. Tehte cu siibawi, ramkhel lei riantuanmi, asilole CEO tibantuk thil sining a chuahpi ding le biahalnak pawl phit dingah a thiambakmi zong fial khawh a si.

Witness Statement

A witness statement is a formal document outlining events or issues relevant to your story. You are usually asked to prepare a witness statement if you are a witness at a public hearing. You can ask a lawyer to help you prepare a witness statement. If you are asked to be a witness you should get independent legal advice. You can get legal advice through the Legal Financial Assistance Scheme. Your Story Disability Legal Support can connect you with a lawyer.

Tehte kong Catialmi: Tehte kong catialmi cu na konglam he aa pehtlaimi thilcang pawl asilole siaherhmi pawl a tlangpi in langhternak phung ning in tialmi a si. Zapi sin biaceihnak ah tehte na si iahcun tehte kong catialmi timhtuah dingah fial na si lengmang lai. Tehte kong catialmi timhtuahnak nangmah bawmh dingah sihni pakhat na fial khah. Tehte pakhat in dir dingah fial na si ahcun, zalong tein upadi lei ruahnak cheuhmi kha na ngah hrimhrim a hau. Upadi lei Phaisa Bawmhnak Suaisamhmi (Legal Financial Assistance Scheme) hmangin upadi lei ruahnak cheuhnak cu na ngah kahwh. Na Konglam Pumtlamtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak nih sihni pakhat he pehtlaihternak a tuah khawh.

Your Story Disability Legal Support

Refer to the definition for National Legal Advisory Service

Na Konglam Pumtlamtlinglo Upadi lei Bawmhnak: Rampumpi huap Upadi lei Ruahnak cheuhnak Riantuanpiaknak (National Legal Advisory Service) caah a sullam kha ichirchanh.